Yaks: the “treasure” and “boat” on tibetan plateau

Tibetan Yaks – Happy Expressions on the planet within the Holy Land

The yak, a type of ancient animal, is a types of the first creatures that have been domesticated by Tibetan ancestors. It’s been resided with Tibetan nationality with a lengthy background and splendid culture for centuries.

The amount of yaks in Tibet is bigger compared to population of Tibetan people. The entire Tibet includes a population in excess of 260 million, while, the amount of yaks within the first producing area (Naqu) is much more than 300 million and the amount of yaks within the second producing area (Chamdo) is much more than 1.two million. There are other than 14 million yaks on the planet. The majority of the yaks grow in China’s Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and it is surrounding regions that are above 3,000 meters high. China may be the country that has the biggest quantity of yaks on the planet. The yaks in China take into account about 85% around the globe.

The yak is a type of mammal which lives in the greatest elevation on the planet. Yaks come with an capability to endure the cold of-30 ℃ to-40 ℃, having a limit of climbing the glacier to 6400 meters. The yak can also be proficient at walking steep and harmful roads, climbing snow-capped mountain tops on and on across swamps and rivers. It’s known as because the boat from the plateau". The yak also offers the capability to acknowledge the street. Whether it meets the marshes, it will make a detour to prevent the trap. Yaks will also be able to transporting heavy loads for lengthy distances. They are able to carry goods as much as 100-200kg and walk for around 15km each day.

Flocks of YaksFlocks of Yaks

Wild Yaks – Gladiators on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

The yak is split into two groups: nature yak and also the domestic yak. The yak, that is a unique species on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, may be the First – grade Condition protection animal.

Wild yaks are gladiators on Qinghai – Tibet Plateau. They’re strong and effective, having a staggering speed. Their abilities to deal with bitter, cold, hunger and thirst are striking. They’re so brave and fierce they always battle to the finish once they meet a powerful enemy.

They’re gait gaudy, individuals have staggering speed they bear bitter, cold, hunger, thirst-resistant ability, eye-catching. They’re fierce temperament, before a powerful enemy, always fighting within the finish. Within the Roof around the globeInch, wild yaks, evaluating to greater than 1,000 kilograms, like residing in groups and like eating soft grass and lichens.

Like a unique animal from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, nature yak mainly inhabits the all downhill field regions of 3000-6000 meters above ocean level, in addition to inaccessible all downhill peaks, mountain basins, all downhill grasslands and all downhill desert-steppe type rangeland. In summer time, nature yak may even live in the altitude of 5000-6000 meters underneath the snow line. Your hair around the wild yak’s mind and the rear of its is short and smooth. Its throat, neck, abdomen, body side and tail are engrossed in many centimeters lengthy hair.

Wild yaks usually mate in September. At the moment, a mans yaks will combat with one another for female yaks. Female yaks pregnant 9 several weeks and just get one youthful in a birth.

Nature yak’s skin is extremely thick and also the thickest skin can be 2 ". Its skin has strong toughness. The bullet from the general pistol and rifle cannot penetrate it. There’s a layer of meet teeth around the tongue from the wild yak. Therefore, nature yak can certainly lap individuals hard plants.

Based on the records, 100 years ago, the distribution of untamed yaks was very wide, such as the northern slope from the Himalayas, Kunlun Mountain tops and it is adjacent mountain tops. Today, their distribution continues to be narrowed towards the 1.4 million square kilometers all downhill mountain tops and also the all downhill plateau encircled through the upper reaches from the Yarlung Zangbo River in an altitude of 4000-5000 meters, Kunlun Mountain tops, the Altun Mountain tops and also the Qilian Mountain tops. I really hope nature yak, with dignity along with a fighting spirit, has the capacity to reside in the gorgeous Qinghai-Tibet Plateau forever, among the most breathtaking sceneries.

Yaks Dotted on GrasslandYaks Dotted on Grassland

Yaks – "Family Heirloom" for Tibetans

The wide and endless grassland in Tibetan plateau is scattered with several yaks that are considered because the "family heirloom" by Tibetan people.

Yaks survive natural grasslands. They move as season changes. Summer time may be the golden season on their behalf since the grass is eco-friendly and plush. They are able to eat fresh grass around that they like. Therefore, yaks are plump and powerful in summer time. But, when winter comes, the grass will turn yellow and wither. Yaks have only limited food every single day. Some strong yaks are affected from lack of nutrition.

The yak’s brow is flat and wide. There’s two sharp and twisted horns on his mind, thick and lengthy. Yaks are temperate and respectful. They’re never wild and rage for their proprietors. But, when they meet their opponents, they’ll battle to dying before they surrender. Yaks have four sturdy braches and 4 hard hooves so they are great at transporting things on muddy and stony roads. .

The Yak’s cardiopulmonary function is extremely strong. Transporting on several hundred kilograms supplies, it may also climb the height at six kilometers above ocean level in which the air is thin. Individuals are hard to adjust to our prime altitude, but yaks don’t need to be worried about the possible lack of oxygen, their bloodstream pressures or their heart vessels. Yaks don’t only strive for everyone their master within the plateau daily, but additionally play a huge role in ball game. Each year, a yak racing takes place. All of the yaks show their great sports spirit in the game.

Furthermore valuable is the fact that Yaks benefit human using their flesh and bloodstream.

Milk may be the yak’s first contribution for human. Female yaks can establish 3 to 4 jin of milk every single day, that is three occasions around the local cattle produce. Yak milk is thick as well as wealthy diet. Herders drink milk every single day. They drink milk after boiling it. Additionally they result in the milk into yogurt and slag refined oil and residue in the milk. Yak milk includes a high-fat content.5km of yellow butter could be refined from 50kg of yak mild. Tibetans rarely eat fruits and vegetables, however they eat butter tea and milk residue every single day. Additionally they use butter to light the lamp and also to make Zanba.

Yak meat contains high protein. It tastes fresh and scrumptious. Particularly in winter, it is a type of adding nourishment to food. If you want to Tibet, yak meat is easily the most scrumptious food that you ought to not miss. Flexible and smooth locks are accustomed to make advanced textiles and Tibet made of woll. The yak’s tail hair may be used to make wigs and false mustache for opera performance. Yak leather can be used to create Tibetan high boots and senior leather footwear that are of top quality. These footwear are very well-liked by customers all metropolitan areas in China. Dried yak dung may be the primary fuel for herdsmen. They depend onto it to help keep warm, prepare tea and prepare meal. The bones that are grinded into powder will also be excellent for fertilizing the farmland.

In short, the yak is certainly the treasure which are actually excellent contribution to Tibetan people and also to the Qinghai – Tibet Plateau.

Strong YaksStrong Yaks

Resourse: http://tibettravel.org/tibetan-culture/

2luxury2 interview with Cristina Mugnaini, Norlha